Friday, February 1, 2008

Dugan Speech

John C. Dugan is the Comptroller of the Currency, and yesterday he gave a speech to the Florida Bankers Association. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) is but one of five regulators of banks in the United States. The five are:

The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (charters, regulates, and supervises all national banks. It also supervises the federal branches and agencies of foreign banks)

Federal Reserve Board (state chartered banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System and bank holding companies)

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (insured state banks that are not members of the Federal Reserve System)

Office of Thrift Supervision (savings and loans)

National Credit Union Administration (credit unions)

Dugan mentioned some interesting information regarding banks and the risks they face.

1) The ratio of commercial real estate loans to capital has nearly doubled in the past six years, to 285 percent.

2) Over a third of the nation’s community banks have commercial real estate concentrations exceeding 300 percent of their capital, and almost 30 percent have construction and development loans exceeding 100 percent of capital.

3) Over 60 percent of Florida banks have CRE loans exceeding 300 percent of capital, and more than half have C&D loans exceeding 100 percent of capital.

4) Indeed, during the past year national community banks have experienced a significant increase in nonperforming C&D loans. As of Sept 30, these loans amounted to 1.96 percent of total C&D loans, a rate that was more than twice that of a year earlier.

5) In Florida, that trend is even more pronounced. While nonperforming loans a year ago were 40 basis points less than the national average, the figure has increased to 3.34 percent of total C&D loans. That’s 70 percent greater than the national average and an almost eight-fold increase in one year.

6) Thus far overall nonperforming CRE loans, even in the area of residential construction and development lending, are a long way from approaching historical peaks.

It should be a fun year for the Banking Industry.

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